Cyber ​​attacks, ransomware, and scams: follow this checklist to increase your privacy

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It’s never a bad time to increase your online security.

Angela Lang / topwatchbest

As Russia’s invasion of Ukraine increases, the risk of global cyber attacks increases. The FBI recently warned US private industry and infrastructure leaders about the threat of ransomware and other attacks on online security resulting from armed conflict, for CNN.

There is no similar warning for individual citizens, but increased global risk is the right time to evaluate and improve your own online security practices. Whether you’re new to online privacy or you’re a security software veteran, browse our cybersecurity checklist for optimal protection.

For more on the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, see how war can affect the US economyfind reliable reporting of Twitter accounts in Ukraine and find out how cyber attacks in Ukraine can affect the entire world.

For the novice

Use a password manager

If you’ve heard one piece of internet security advice, it is as follows: Create strong passwords unique to each online account, change them routinely, and never reuse old ones. Most browsers will automatically offer to store your passwords when they see that you are logging into a new site. Don’t take the bait and waste your time memorizing them all. Insert instead secure password manager work.

One of the great options for securing passwords is Bitwarden. topwatchbest’s choice for the best free password manager. Bitwarden works on all major platforms and web browsers. Its free version includes a random password generator and allows you to store an unlimited number of logins, notes and cards in an encrypted vault that is accessible by any number of devices.


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Bitwarden also provides a security breach feature that scans stored accounts and alerts you when a security breach occurs on any of them. Detecting a website or e-retailer hack early on and updating your account credentials can soothe your mind and save you from potential headaches.

While Bitwarden is an excellent free password management option, it’s not the only player in the game, the topwatchbest list the best password managers can accelerate the use of the best products to ensure the security of your authentication information.

As you refine your login practices, consider enabling two-factor authentication for your social media accounts and email. For sites such as Twitter, Facebook or Google, enabling this additional layer of protection means that when logging in, you will be asked to enter not only a password, but also an additional form of authentication, often a one-time SMS security code sent to your address mobile phone.

Apply encryption

Simplified encryption apps on your mobile keep your messages private by encrypting your messages so that anyone who intercepts them cannot read them – as long as both the sender and recipient of the message use the encryption correctly. While there is debate about the comparative security strength of different encryption applications, an ongoing search for governments and intelligence communities break or prohibit them is a testament to their overall effectiveness. You don’t have to understand exactly how end-to-end encryption works benefit from it; you just need to get started with the installation.

Begin from Signala free open source application for desktops, Android and iOS. You can use it to make encrypted phone calls, send SMS, videos and photos. To use it, both you and the recipient of the message need Internet access on your mobile device. Android users have the option to set Signal as their default messaging service.

And why stop at your phone when you can encrypt your messages on all digital fronts? Are sets of possible applications offers privacy degrees for video chats, hard drives, email, and more. But remember: suspicious files can still find their way into your encrypted inbox. Launch suspicious attachments with an online virus scanner such as Sum virus before releasing them on your device.

Stop internet browsers from snooping on you

The ubiquitous presence of the Google Chrome web browser makes it easier to access your personal data everyone, Not only you. AND DuckDuckGo coverage. December 2019 found google trackers installed on 86% of the most popular sites. Until adjusting Chrome settings can helpthe fact is that you have to be vigilant to keep Chrome from data spill all over the internet. In Chrome, Firefox, or most other popular browsers, you can use private or incognito mode to protect your browsing sessions.

If you really want to take privacy seriously, Bold is a browser equipped with sophisticated controls to block ad trackers, third party cookies (which track you online using social buttons on a website) and third party fingerprints. Because Brave is built on the same open source Chromium technology as Chrome, you can use most Chrome extensions without dragging the nasty traces of Chrome trackers behind you.

Intermediate level

Get a VPN

A Virtual Private Network is a basic security layer based on your browsing software that creates a private network between you, the websites you visit, and any wireless devices you connect to. While using a VPN doesn’t guarantee complete privacy, it typically works by dazzling your internet service provider about the websites you visit and blinding websites to your IP address. And it’s absolutely critical if you’re on a public Wi-Fi network and anyone could potentially spy on you or worse.

VPN prices are as broad as their security, which largely depends on the protocols used. Has long been a favorite like Disappearance of IPfor example, it can cost $ 89 per year, but doesn’t keep a log of user activity, allows you to pay in bitcoin, and offers a connection kill switch.

topwatchbest side by side comparison of the best VPN services we discovered that in 2022 it could take you off the rocks.

Learn the track

Like a VPN, the Tor browser runs through an ever-expanding network of servers. In the case of Tor, every request sent from your computer goes through an encrypted intermediary system to keep your identity hidden and make it very difficult to track your activity. Relays or nodes are operated by volunteers and open.

Unfortunately, there are no official Tor viewers for iOS, but Tor has installation options for Windows and MacOS, and an official Android app. Security, however, is a slow business. Don’t expect movies to be streamed through Tor browsers.

Go to Official Tor download page for installer and setup instructions.


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Your cybersecurity checklist

In conclusion, here are some quick tips for online safety best practices:

  • Never reuse passwords across multiple sites.
  • Never allow a web browser to save passwords.
  • Switch on two-factor authentication for your accounts whenever possible.
  • Never connect to a public Wi-Fi hotspot without a VPN connection.
  • Use incognito or privacy-oriented browser whenever possible, or switch to Tor.
  • Run a virus scan for email attachments – even those from friendly sources – before opening them.
  • Any confidential SMS conversation should always be conducted over a secure messenger, such as Signal.

Advanced training

If privacy tutorials and avoiding surveillance have whetted your appetite for cybersecurity, there’s no reason to stop at these apps. Here are a few places where you can take advantage of additional training that is free or inexpensive.

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